As French writer Amin Maalouf describes, East Turkestan is an exotic and magnificent place on Silk Road. Khotan rugs were handwoven in or about the ancient city of Khotan,Samarkand and Yarkand in the southern Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang. The rugs date back to 17th Century and has influence of both Turkish and Chinese cultures. For example, Pomegranates symbolize fertility; Swastikas represent infinity; Lotus, Blossoms and Cloudbands embody Buddhist beliefs. The exuberant natural colors, rich designs and fine wool make Khotans highly collectible.